What does California Newborn Screening Test for?

What is included in a newborn screening test?

Newborn screening tests may include:

  • Phenylketonuria (PKU). PKU is an inherited disease in which the body cannot metabolize a protein called phenylalanine. …
  • Congenital hypothyroidism. …
  • Galactosemia. …
  • Sickle cell disease. …
  • Maple syrup urine disease. …
  • Homocystinuria. …
  • Biotinidase deficiency. …
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

What genetic testing is mandatory for newborns in California?

The Newborn Screening Program was established by the California Department of Health Services Genetic Disease Branch to provide newborn screening for all babies born in California. The state of California began this screening program in 1966 with testing for a single disease, phenylketonuria (PKU).

Is newborn screening mandatory in California?

To ensure the health of all newborns, it’s California state law that all babies born in the state have the Newborn Screening Test completed. The test can only be refused if it conflicts with your religious beliefs.

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What is the purpose of newborn’s screening?

Newborn screening allows health professionals to identify and treat certain conditions before they make a baby sick. Most babies with these conditions who are identified at birth and treated early are able to grow up healthy with normal development.

How long does it take to get the newborn screening results?

It takes about three weeks for your doctor to receive your baby’s results. If your baby needs more testing, you will be notified by phone or letter in a few days after your baby’s blood spot is collected. How much does the Newborn Screening cost?

Can parents refuse newborn screening?

All states require screening to be performed on newborns, but most will allow parents to refuse for religious purposes. Any decision to decline or refuse testing should first be discussed with a health professional, since newborn screening is designed to protect the health of the baby.

How long does it take to get newborn screening results in California?

Parents can get the results from the baby’s doctor or clinic. It takes about two weeks for the doctor to receive a hard copy of the results in the mail. You should make sure that the hospital has the name of your baby’s doctor and that the doctor has your current contact information.

Are newborn screening tests mandatory?

To ensure the health of all its newborns, state law requires that all babies born in California have the Newborn Screening Test.

How many genetic tests are required to be run on newborns in California?

The lab generally only needs a few of the blood spots for the baby’s own potentially lifesaving genetic test. They use to collect five blood spots total from each child in California, they’ve now increased that to six.

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When do newborns get hearing test?

The goal is for all babies to have a newborn hearing screening by one month of age, ideally before they go home from the hospital; identified by 3 months of age and enrolled in early intervention or treatment, if identified as deaf or hard of hearing, by the age of 6 months.

What are the disadvantages of newborn screening?

If newborns are not screened early on, they may suffer tragic consequences, including brain damage, developmental and physiological delays, breathing problems, and even death.

What happens if a newborn screening test comes back positive?

A “positive” or “out-of-range” result means that the baby’s screening exam did show signs that the baby may be at higher risk of having one or more of the conditions included on the newborn screening panel. This does not mean that the baby definitely has a medical condition.

Why is blood taken from a baby heel?

What is the heel prick test? The ‘heel prick test’ is when a blood sample is taken from a baby’s heel so that the baby’s blood can be tested for certain metabolic disorders. The blood sample is taken using an automated device called a lancet. The lancet is used to make a small puncture on the side of the baby’s heel.

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