What is hepatic pregnancy?

DISCUSSION. Primary hepatic pregnancy is a type of abdominal pregnancy which is extremely rare where the site of implantation is in the liver and it is associated with a very high mortality rate.

How does a hepatic pregnancy happen?

An abdominal pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants on an organ or tissues in a woman’s abdomen. In the United States, one to two percent of pregnancies are ectopic pregnancies, caused when the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus.

Can a baby survive a hepatic pregnancy?

Delivery in a case of an advanced abdominal pregnancy will have to be via laparotomy. The survival of the baby is reduced and high perinatal mortality rates between 40–95% have been reported.

What are the signs of abdominal pregnancy?

Symptoms of an abdominal pregnancy are very nonspecific and often include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, palpable fetal parts, fetal mal presentation, pain on fetal movement, and displacement of the cervix.

What are the surgical options for a hepatic pregnancy?

Common surgical procedures used include hepatic artery ligation, lobectomy, omental transplantation, and liver packing.

Has any baby survived an ectopic pregnancy?

Doctors have hailed as a “miracle” the birth of a baby who beat odds of 60m to one to become the first to develop outside the womb and live. Not only did the baby boy and his mother survive an ectopic pregnancy – but so did two other baby girls. Ronan Ingram was one of three children born to Jane Ingram, 32.

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How does your lower stomach feel in early pregnancy?

Many women will notice that they feel uterine cramping as an early sign and symptom pregnancy. You could even feel period like cramps or even pain on one side. The most common reason for this kind of cramp is that your uterus is growing. This is normal pain and should be expected in a healthy pregnancy.

How long can an abdominal pregnancy last?

There are reports of foetal malformations as high as 40% associated with abdominal pregnancies and only 50% of these babies survive up to one week post delivery.

When do ectopic symptoms start?

Symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy usually develop between the 4th and 12th weeks of pregnancy. Some women don’t have any symptoms at first. They may not find out they have an ectopic pregnancy until an early scan shows the problem or they develop more serious symptoms later on.

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