Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight.
Is it OK to take magnesium while pregnant?
Magnesium and calcium work in combination: Magnesium relaxes muscles, while calcium stimulates muscles to contract. Research suggests that getting adequate magnesium during pregnancy can help prevent the uterus from contracting prematurely. Magnesium also helps build strong teeth and bones in your baby.
When should a pregnant woman take magnesium?
Magnesium sulfate, or mag for short, is used in pregnancy to prevent seizures due to worsening preeclampsia, to slow or stop preterm labor, and to prevent injuries to a preterm baby’s brain. Magnesium sulfate is given as an intravenous infusion or intramuscular injection in the hospital over 12 to 48 hours.
Why should you avoid magnesium in the last trimester?
Magnesium-containing antacids should be avoided during the last trimester of pregnancy because it could interfere with uterine contractions during labor.
How does magnesium help fertility?
Magnesium helps balance fertility hormones progesterone and estrogen. Magnesium controls follicle-stimulating hormone, or FSH, because estrogen-dependent on magnesium status, and FSH is the hormone that stimulates the ovaries.
Can magnesium hurt a fetus?
In a baby, magnesium toxicity can cause low muscle tone. This is caused by poor muscle control and low bone density. These conditions can put a baby at greater risk for injuries, such as bone fractures, and even death.
What type of magnesium is best during pregnancy?
Magnesium Supplements: 125 – 300mg of magnesium glycinate or citrate at meals and before bed is the recommended supplement dose by doctors. More frequent consumption of smaller doses tends to support better absorption. Magnesium Drink: Nausea in the early stages of pregnancy can make swallowing supplements difficult.
How much magnesium should a pregnant woman take?
During pregnancy, the demand for magnesium increases. 350 mg/day is the recommended dietary intake (RDI) for pregnant women aged 19-30 years. The RDI for pregnant women aged 14-18 years is 400 mg/day and the RDI for pregnancy women aged 31-50 years is 360 mg/day.
Can you take magnesium every day?
Doses less than 350 mg daily are safe for most adults. In some people, magnesium might cause stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and other side effects. When taken in very large amounts (greater than 350 mg daily), magnesium is POSSIBLY UNSAFE.
Can magnesium cause miscarriage?
Magnesium: Low magnesium is associated with increased risk of miscarriage; one study showed 100% of infertile women who normalized their magnesium and selenium levels went on to produce children. Low magnesium may also be associated with birth defects.
Can magnesium supplements delay labor?
Magnesium sulfate is often quite effective in slowing contractions, although this effect and how long it lasts varies from woman to woman. Like all tocolytic medications, however, magnesium sulfate does not consistently prevent or delay preterm delivery for a significant period of time.