The most common symptoms of anemia during pregnancy are: Pale skin, lips, and nails. Feeling tired or weak. Dizziness.
How does anemia affect pregnancy?
Four kinds of anemia can happen during pregnancy: anemia of pregnancy, iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B-12 deficiency, and folate deficiency. Anemia may cause your baby to not grow to a healthy weight. Your baby may also arrive early (preterm birth) or have a low birth weight.
How is anemia treated during pregnancy?
Anemia during pregnancy can easily be treated by adding iron or vitamin supplements to your daily routine. Typically, this is all that is needed to reverse the effects of anemia. However, in very rare cases, women with severe anemia may need a blood transfusion.
What is considered mild anemia in pregnancy?
According to the classification of World Health Organization (WHO), pregnant women with hemoglobin levels less than 11.0 g/dl in the first and third trimesters and less than 10.5 g/dl in the second trimester are considered anemic (Table I) (11).
What is the most common anemia in pregnancy?
The most common true anemias during pregnancy are iron deficiency anemia (approximately 75%) and folate deficiency megaloblastic anemia, which are more common in women who have inadequate diets and who are not receiving prenatal iron and folate supplements.
How can I raise my iron levels quickly?
Choose iron-rich foods
- Red meat, pork and poultry.
- Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach.
- Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots.
- Iron-fortified cereals, breads and pastas.
Can anemic person give birth?
Women who are anemic are twice as likely to go into labor early and three times as likely to deliver a baby with low birth weight. Further, their babies are more likely to be iron deficient and experience delayed growth and development as well as behavior abnormalities, even after they are given iron.
What foods should you avoid if you have anemia?
Foods to avoid
- tea and coffee.
- milk and some dairy products.
- foods that contain tannins, such as grapes, corn, and sorghum.
- foods that contain phytates or phytic acid, such as brown rice and whole-grain wheat products.
- foods that contain oxalic acid, such as peanuts, parsley, and chocolate.
What causes Dilutional anemia in pregnancy?
The most common causes of anemia during pregnancy are iron deficiency and folate acid deficiency. Anemia increases risk of preterm delivery and postpartum maternal infections.
What is considered mild anemia?
Mild anemia corresponds to a level of hemoglobin concentration of 10.0-10.9 g/dl for pregnant women and children under age 5 and 10.0-11.9 g/dl for nonpregnant women. For all of the tested groups, moderate anemia corresponds to a level of 7.0-9.9 g/dl, while severe anemia corresponds to a level less than 7.0 g/dl.